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HISTORY


Short History of Spain:

25,000 to 10,000 B.C.: The cave paintings of Pinal, Pena de Candamo, El Pendal, Pasiega, Ribadesella and Altamira express the existence of a fine culture in the Magdalenian period

1100 BC.: until the middle of the 3rd century A.D. commercial and  cultural contact was held with the Phoenicians and Greeks

218 to 201 B.C.:  Rome annexes the country and divides it into two provinces: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior.

411 A.D.: The Barbarian tribes sign an alliance with Rome, which enables them to establish military colonies within the Empire. New settlers from the North  settle on the Peninsula: the Visigoths in the interior and the Swabians on the West.

568-586.:  The end of the Roman empire in Spain.

711: The Muslim troops cross the Strait of Gibraltar and defeat  king Rodrigo.

712: Muza ben-Nosair completes the Muslim conquest. End of Visigothic period.

718: The Christian Reconquest of Spain begins.

913: Christians stablish capital in León.

1469: Isabel I of Castile and Fernando II of Aragon are married

1492: The Catholic Monarchs, Isabel and Fernando, complete the Reconquest by conquering Granada. Discovery of America (October 12th).

1588: Disaster of the Invincible Armada against England. Spanish Empire is declining slowly.

1700-1714: War of the Spanish Succession. The war ends. Borbons dinasty accesses to the spanish throne. Spain loses Belgium, Luxembourg, Milan, Naples, Sardinia, Minorca and Gibraltar.

1808-1813: The Spanish people rise against French domination.

1812: This is the beginning of the Spanish constitutionalism.

1898: War with the United States.Spain looses: Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines which are turned over to the victors.

1914 to 1918: Spain remains neutral in the First World War.

1923: General Primo de Rivera's  dictatorship.

1931: After the municipal elections, the Republic is proclaimed.

1936-1939:  Spanish Civil War.

1939-1975: General Francisco Franco's Dictatorship established.

1975: Franco dies, Juan Carlos de Borbón is Proclaimed King.

1978: The Spanish people approve  the new Constitution. Spain becomes a parliamentary monarchy.

1986: Spain Joins the European Community


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