Short History of Spain:
25,000 to 10,000 B.C.: The cave paintings of Pinal, Pena de Candamo, El Pendal, Pasiega, Ribadesella and Altamira express the existence of a fine culture in the Magdalenian period
1100 BC.: until the middle of the 3rd century A.D. commercial and cultural contact was held with the Phoenicians and Greeks
218 to 201 B.C.: Rome annexes the country and divides it into two provinces: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior.
411 A.D.: The Barbarian tribes sign an alliance with Rome, which enables them to establish military colonies within the Empire. New settlers from the North settle on the Peninsula: the Visigoths in the interior and the Swabians on the West.
568-586.: The end of the Roman empire in Spain.
711: The Muslim troops cross the Strait of Gibraltar and defeat king Rodrigo.
712: Muza ben-Nosair completes the Muslim conquest. End of Visigothic period.
718: The Christian Reconquest of Spain begins.
913: Christians stablish capital in León.
1469: Isabel I of Castile and Fernando II of Aragon are married
1492: The Catholic Monarchs, Isabel and Fernando, complete the Reconquest by conquering Granada. Discovery of America (October 12th).
1588: Disaster of the Invincible Armada against England. Spanish Empire is declining slowly.
1700-1714: War of the Spanish Succession. The war ends. Borbons dinasty accesses to the spanish throne. Spain loses Belgium, Luxembourg, Milan, Naples, Sardinia, Minorca and Gibraltar.
1808-1813: The Spanish people rise against French domination.
1812: This is the beginning of the Spanish constitutionalism.
1898: War with the United States.Spain looses: Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines which are turned over to the victors.
1914 to 1918: Spain remains neutral in the First World War.
1923: General Primo de Rivera's dictatorship.
1931: After the municipal elections, the Republic is proclaimed.
1936-1939: Spanish Civil War.
1939-1975: General Francisco Franco's Dictatorship established.
1975: Franco dies, Juan Carlos de Borbón is Proclaimed King.
1978: The Spanish people approve the new Constitution. Spain becomes a parliamentary monarchy.
1986: Spain Joins the European Community